Many different types of glaucoma exist today, it’s important for you to know more about these types of diseases that may largely impact your vision. Here, we explain the main forms of glaucoma among people who have already developed some form of this disease.
Primary open-angle glaucoma, chronic open-angle glaucoma (COAG), open-angle glaucoma
All these names are synonyms for the same disease, which is the most usual type of glaucoma. You may not experience any symptoms before you realize that you have glaucoma.
Acute narrow-angle or closed-angle glaucoma
People often describe this glaucoma as the most painful experience when it comes to eye pain. It is followed by symptoms like:
- Headaches (noticed on the same side of eye with symptoms)
- Vision is blurred
- Halo effect around lights
- Redness inside eye
- Feeling nauseous or vomiting
- Pupils are dilated
- Eye pain is throbbing
This is a severe condition, and you must visit your doctor right away if you notice some of the mentioned symptoms. If not treated in a time period of 6 to 12 hours, the result may be permanent vision loss or permanent damage.
Congenital glaucoma in children
Can appear in infants first few years of life:
- Excessive tearing or high sensitivity to light
- An enlarged cornea and possible clouding of the usually transparent cornea
- Squinting or consistent rubbing of their eyes
Secondary glaucoma and some other forms
Secondary glaucoma and similar forms usually coincide with different kinds of symptoms that impact your vision. Eye pressure can be higher than usual on many different occasions, and this may cause many signs of discomfort among patients.
Symptoms that are part of this condition include the following:
- Inflammation inside the eye (uveitis) causing the patient to see halos
- Sensitivity to bright lights (photophobia)
- Eye injuries like retinal detachment can actually mask symptoms
How to Know If You Have Glaucoma?
It is very simple to diagnose glaucoma with the tests that are specifically designed for diagnostics. Your doctor will apply drops that numb your eye before the examination with a device called a tonometer, which measures eye pressure.
If you have higher than usual eye pressure, the diagnosis is not glaucoma. It might be a symptom of ocular hypertension. Only if the doctor suspects that you may have a damaged optical nerve, it’s possible you may have glaucoma. To determine, the doctor will examine your side vision (peripheral vision) when the selected images (OCT) give the picture of your optic nerve.
High eye pressure doesn’t present the sign of glaucoma because people with normal eye pressure can also have glaucoma. It is important to tell your doctor if you have had refractive surgery because this can affect your eye pressure reading.
When a child has potential problems, the doctor may diagnose congenital glaucoma if they experience a cloudy cornea. Babies are generally checked at birth for signs.
When to Call the Doctor?
It is essential to call the eye doctor when you notice the symptoms of glaucoma. These initial symptoms are usually signs of eye problems that can be treated successfully if diagnosed on time.
You should call a doctor if:
- Severe redness and pain – could result in serious eye conditions or signs of glaucoma
- When using drops for treating glaucoma you experience unwanted symptoms of tiredness or shortness of breath – it’s a possible sign of lung or heart issues
It is very important to tell your eye doctor which medications you are taking because certain medications can cause possible closed-angle glaucoma attacks. The medicines for sinus, cold congestion, stomach, and intestinal problems are especially important because these can cause some obvious signs of glaucoma.
Unfortunately, it is a condition where you cannot get back the vision once you lose it, and that is why regular exams are so important to keep your eye vision intact and prevent possible larger problems with your eyesight. Glaucoma and other eye problems can be prevented. The nationally accredited doctors at Vision Center of New York provide patients comprehensive exams on state-of-the-art equipment which allows us to accurately detect eye disease and other abnormalities early. Call us today to book an appointment. Your vision is our mission.